Minerals in food are essential for the normal development and growth of one’s body. Without them, your body will not be able to perform vital functions. Minerals are categorized into two basic groups such as macrominerals and trace minerals.
Minerals that are required in larger amounts fall under the macro category while trace minerals are required in smaller quantities. Some of the macrominerals required by the body include calcium, sodium, potassium, phosphorus, chloride, sulfur, and magnesium. Likewise, the trace minerals include iron, copper, manganese, zinc, iodine, fluoride, and selenium. This read offers information on the importance of minerals in food.
Calcium is essential to building strong bones and teeth. They also play a vital role in nerve impulse transmission and muscle contraction activities. It also helps the contraction and relaxation of blood vessels. Dairy and green vegetables are a great source of calcium. Magnesium is important for energy production functions. It helps stimulate enzymes and balance the calcium levels in your body. Cashew, almonds, whole grain, and leafy vegetables are a good source of magnesium. Phosphorus is important for the growth and repairing of cells and tissues in your body. Phosphorus is found in poultry, eggs, meat, fish, and nuts.
Sodium helps maintain blood volume and pressure. Celery, beets, and milk are foods that contain sodium. Table salt is the most common source of sodium. Chloride is essential to maintain the right balance of fluids. Lettuce, olives, tomatoes, and rye are great sources of chloride. Potassium helps conduct electricity in one’s body. Hence, it is considered an electrolyte. Potassium helps maintain a healthy heart and muscular functions. Dairy products, fruits, vegetables, legumes, salmon, and all meats contain potassium.
Iron is a trace mineral that is essential for the optimal functioning of your body. It’s an integral part of hemoglobin which provides oxygen to all body tissues. Eggs, dried fruits, leafy greens, and beans are foods that are rich in iron. Zinc is essential for optimal cell growth and a healthy immune system. Beef, nuts, pork, and legumes are foods that contain a lot of zinc. Manganese is helpful for the production of connective tissue and sex hormones. It also helps in blood clotting and healthy bone functions. Whole grain, seeds, nuts, and pineapple are some of the best sources of manganese.
Copper is another important trace mineral that will help improve the health of your nerve cells and immune system. It is mostly found in organic meats, seafood, legumes, and vegetables. Iodine helps produce an important hormone – thyroid hormones. These hormones play an important part in the normal development of your body. Spinach, sesame seeds, turnip, and summer squash are foods that contain this mineral. Fluoride is important to prevent tooth decay while maintaining a healthy bone structure. It is found in seafood, tea, and gelatine. Fluoridated water is the best source of fluoride.
Minerals are an essential part of your diet. They play an important part in the normal growth and development of the body. The aforementioned read offers information on the importance of minerals contained in our foods.