An essential nutrient cannot be synthesized by the body on its own – at least, not in adequate amounts. Hence, these nutrients should be provided by one’s diet. On the other hand, these nutrients are essential for the body to function optimally. Here are 6 essential nutrients and their importance to the optimal functioning of the body.
Protein is an essential nutrient required by the body. It is essential for building and repairing body tissues. Amino acids are the building blocks of protein. In fact, nine of the twenty essential amino acids cannot be synthesized by the body. These amino acids should be provided in the diet. More than 35% of one’s daily caloric intake should come from lean proteins such as low-fat dairy, meat, and eggs.
Carbohydrates are another one of the 6 essential nutrients required by the body. They are considered the main source of energy for the brain. Your body will not function properly without this essential nutrient. Fruits, vegetables, grains, bread, and sugars are some of the major sources of carbohydrates. In fact, you need to make sure to consume a lot of whole grains since they are full of fiber. This will help reduce the risk of type-2 diabetes and heart conditions over time.
Fat is another nutrient that is essential to the optimal functioning of one’s body. It is a major source of energy to the body. Fat-soluble vitamins such as Vitamin K, A, D, and E are absorbed when there is enough fat in the body. In fact, more than 35% of your daily caloric intake should come from healthy fats. You need to pick healthy fats that include omega-3 from sources such as fish, vegetable-based oils, avocado, seeds, and walnuts. Saturated fats should be limited in your diet. Reduce the intake of high-fat meats and full-fat dairy for the optimal functioning of your body.
Water is another nutrient that is essential to the functioning of the body. It should be taken with your diet. Water helps transport nutrients to the cells in the body and maintain homeostasis. Removing waste products from the body is another important task handled by water. Adults should consume at least 2-3 liters of water a day. All beverages contain water as a major source. Foods that have a higher water content such as watermelon and soups are also important in this regard.
Minerals are another nutrient that is important to the day to day functioning of the body. Sodium is an essential mineral that should be taken on a daily basis. You should keep its intake under 2,400 milligrams a day. The fluid volume outside of the cells should be maintained for the optimal functioning of the cells. This is where sodium comes in handy. Potassium helps maintain the fluid volumes outside/inside of the cells. They also prevent the rise of blood pressure. Calcium is essential for stronger teeth and bones. Cheese, milk, and yogurt are calcium-rich foods.
Vitamins are the sixth essential nutrient required by the body. Vitamin C helps maintain a healthy skin by synthesizing collagen. Vitamin D is important for calcium homeostasis. Folate helps prevent birth defects in pregnant women. These are many other important vitamins that should be taken with your daily diet.
Essential nutrients are elements that cannot be synthesized by one’s body. They have to be taken with your diet. These nutrients are essential for the optimal functioning of the body. The aforementioned read offers information on six essential nutrients and their importance to the optimal functioning of the body.